BRAZIL RESEARCH EVENT
FAPESP Week @ Ohio State – 31/Mar (Thu) and 1/Apr (Fri)
Info and registration: www.fapesp.br/week2016/michigan-ohio/category/news/
FAPESP (State of São Paulo Research Foundation – key Brazilian institution for supporting and funding of world-class academic research and educational initiatives in Brazil) is coming to Ohio State for a 2-day symposia focused on highlighting innovative research from Brazil and Ohio Sate, strengthening institutional connections, and fostering increased collaborations between OSU and Brazil.
The São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), the University of Michigan and the Ohio State University invite you to the
FAPESP WEEK 2016
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN – March 28 to 29, 2016
Venue: Kuenzel Room, Michigan Union
OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY – March 31 to April 1, 2016
Venue: The Ohio State University Faculty Club
The FAPESP WEEK 2016 symposium will create opportunities for connecting researchers in Michigan and Ohio, USA, and in São Paulo, Brazil, promoting collaboration in research topics relevant to both countries.
The São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) is a public institution with the mission of supporting research, selected through peer review, in all fields of knowledge. FAPESP also has special programs in themes of global strategic importance such as biodiversity, climate change, and bioenergy. In 2015 FAPESP applied in scholarships and grants $ PPP 629 million.
The University of Michigan, founded in 1817, is one of the most distinguished universities in the world and a leader in higher education. It is one of a small number of public institutions consistently ranked among the nation’s best universities, and it regularly is in the top three of the country’s public institutions, with over 51,000 students and 5,600 faculty at three campuses.
The Ohio State University’s Columbus campus is one of America’s largest and most comprehensive. More than 58,000 students select from 15 colleges, 200 undergraduate majors and more than 260 master’s, doctoral, and professional degree programs.
Antimonide Materials for Mid-Infrared Photonic Detectors and Focal Plane Arrays
Director, Center for High Technology Materials, Professor and Regents’ Lecturer, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of New Mexico
Infrared imaging (3-25mm) has been an important technological tool for the past sixty years since the first report of infrared detectors in 1950s. There has been a dramatic progress in the development of infrared antimonide based detectors and low power electronic devices in the past decade with new materials like InAsSb, InAs/GaSb superlattices and InAs/InAsSb superlattices demonstrating very good performance. One of the unique aspects of the 6.1A family of semiconductors (InAs, GaSb and AlSb) is the ability to engineer the bandstructure to obtain designer band-offsets. Our group (www.krishnairlab.com) has been involved with the vision of the 4th generation of infrared detectors and is one of two university laboratories in the country that can undertake “Design to Camera” research and realize focal plane arrays.
My talk will revolve around three research themes.
The first theme involves the fundamental investigation into the material science and device physics of the antimonide systems. I will describe some of the challenges in these systems including the identification of defects that limit the performance of the detector. The use of “unipolar barrier engineering” to realize high performance infrared detectors and focal plane arrays will be discussed.
The second theme will involve the vision of the 4th Gen infrared imaging systems. Using the concept of a bio-inspired infrared retina, I will make a case for an enhanced functionality in the pixel. The key idea is to engineer the pixel such that it not only has the ability to sense multimodal data such as color, polarization, dynamic range and phase but also the intelligence to transmit a reduced data set to the central processing unit. The design and demonstration of meta-infrared detectors will be discussed.
In the final theme, I will describe the role of infrared imaging in bio-medical diagnostics. In particular, I will highlight some work on using infrared imaging in the early detection of skin cancer and for detection of flow in cerebral shunts. Using dynamic thermal imaging on over 100 human subjects, a sensitivity >95% and specificity >83% has been demonstrated. Commercialization of this technology will also be discussed.
Sanjay Krishna is the Director of the Center for High Technology Materials and Professor and Regents Lecturer in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of New Mexico. Sanjay received his M.S. from IIT, Madras, MS in Electrical Engineering in 1999 and PhD in Applied Physics in 2001 from the University of Michigan. He joined UNM as a tenure track faculty member in 2001. He currently heads a group of 15 researchers involved with the development of next generation infrared imagers. Sanjay received the Gold Medal from IIT, Madras, Ralph Powe Junior Faculty Award, IEEE Outstanding Engineering Award, ECE Department Outstanding Researcher Award, School of Engineering Jr Faculty Teaching Excellence Award, NCMR-DIA Chief Scientist Award for Excellence, the NAMBE Young Investigator Award, IEEE-NTC, SPIE Early Career Achievement Award and the ISCS Young Scientist Award. He was also awarded the UNM Teacher of the Year and the UNM Regents Lecturer award. Sanjay has more than 200 peer-reviewed journal articles (h-index=42), two book chapters and seven issued patents. He is the co-founder and CTO of Skinfrared, a UNM start-up involved with the use of IR imaging for dual use applications including early detection of skin cancer. He is a Fellow of IEEE, OSA and SPIE.
OSU Materials Week is the annual showcase of materials-allied research at The Ohio State University and beyond. For full schedule: http://imr.osu.edu/seminarsandevents/materials-week/
2016 OSU Materials Week will be held May 10-13, 2016 at the Blackwell Inn and Conference Center on Ohio State’s Columbus campus.
Technical and cross cutting sessions will focus on the latest advances in the full spectrum of materials innovation that continues a special focus on sustainability from last year’s highly successful conference. Session topics will include:
- Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Materials
- Nanotechnology in Medicine
- Topological Materials
- Sustainable Materials
- Advanced Structures and Light weighting
- Energy Harvesting and Storage
- Simulation and Data Analytics
- Materials Education for the 21st Century
IMR Distinguished Lecture Series presents
21.25% World Efficiency Record with Multi-Crystalline p-type Silicon Solar Cells: Closing the Gap with n-type Mono
Vice President, Chief Scientist and Vice-Chair of State Key Laboratory, Trina Solar
Friday, June 17, 10:00 AM
E525 Scott Laboratory, 201 West 19th Avenue, Reception to follow
Multicrystalline Silicon technologies represents more than 65% of 2015 global shipments. Over the last two years, the best p-type multicrystalline silicon solar cells developed by Trina Solar have reached new efficiency records, up to 20.86% in 2014 and 21.25% in 2015. These achievements result from improvements of all aspects of the solar cell fabrication: contamination control, development of high-performance multi-crystalline silicon wafers, cell design and process optimization. Analysis show that efficiencies above 22% are possible with p-type multicrystalline and could be reached in the next few years.
Pierre J. Verlinden is Vice-President and Chief Scientist at Trina Solar, the world’s largest PV manufacturer. He is also Vice-Chair of the State Key Laboratory of PV Science and Technology. Dr. Verlinden has been working in the field of photovoltaics for more than 35 years and has published over 170 technical papers and contributed to a number of books. Before joining Trina Solar, Dr. Verlinden served as Chief Scientist or head of R&D department in several other PV companies in USA and Australia, including SunPower, Origin Energy, Amrock and Solar Systems.
From Mobile Phones to Russian Dolls to MASERs
Neil Alford, Head of Department of Materials, Imperial College London
Friday, January 20, 2017
Smith Seminar Room, 1080 Physics Research Building
In this talk we will look at the problem of dielectric loss (the tan δ) in oxides and how this led us to the world’s first room temperature MASER. Why are we interested in dielectric loss? Almost all of us have a mobile phone and dielectric resonators form essential parts of communications systems. The term “Dielectric Resonator” was first used by Richtmeyer(1) in 1939 who showed that a dielectric ring could confine high frequency electromagnetic waves and thus form a resonator. The idea of a dielectric material confining EM radiation dates back to 1897 when Lord Rayleigh described a dielectric waveguide(2) and in 1909 when Debye described dielectric spheres(3). With the astonishing growth in the cellular communications industry the market is now very approximately 2BN sales of mobile phones each year (that’s about 60 each second) the market for microwave ceramics is huge.
One of the key properties is the dielectric loss or tan delta. The inverse of this is called the Quality factor or Q. Imagine a tuning fork. When you strike it, it resonates for a long time – it has a high Q and if it were made from e.g. wood it would be damped severely, would not resonate and have a very low Q. Now imagine hitting a dielectric (like alumina or sapphire) with an electromagnetic wave – a microwave – it resonates and what we need is a very high Q so that we can build good filters. The dielectric loss is limited by the dielectric loss of the material – the dielectric limit – but suppose you could exceed this. This is what we did by some cunning engineering using a Bragg reflector (a bit like a Russian doll) in which the sapphire layers of the Russian doll (called Bragg layers) are not the usual equal thickness but are aperiodic. Remarkably, if the layers are aperiodic in thickness the Q factor rises quadratically to reach extraordinarily high values of Q=0.6×106 at 30GHz (world record)(4).
This result suggested that it might be possible to reach the threshold for masing and indeed we demonstrated that in P-terphenyl doped with pentacene when located inside a very high Q sapphire resonator maser action can be observed. This is the first time a solid state maser has been demonstrated at room temperature and in the earth’s magnetic field(5). Recent work(6) has shown that miniaturisation is feasible and considerable reduction in pumping power is possible by using a strontium titanate resonator which by virtue of a higher relative permittivity leads to a factor of over 5 in size reduction. Importantly, the Purcell factor which is the ratio of the Q factor to the mode volume, remains high and this is a key factor in the ability to exceed the threshold for masing.
Professor Neil Alford MBE FREng is a materials scientist and Associate Provost for Academic Planning at Imperial College London. He worked in industry for 15 years and then in University research at Queen Mary College, Oxford and South Bank University. His work has focused on materials from high-strength cement to High Temperature Superconductors, nanotechnology and room temperature MASERs. Technology transfer is a key focus and Neil’s discoveries been applied widely in industry, including cellular communications. Having held various academic posts at Imperial (including HoD of Materials), Neil is closely involved in the College’s new White City Campus. Spanning 23 acres, the campus will provide a new research and innovation district, where Imperial and its partners work to tackle the world’s greatest challenges. It will provide space for new types of multidisciplinary research, collaboration with corporations, institutions and start-ups, as well as activities to engage and inspire the community in White City.
1. R. D. Richtmeyer, J Appl. Phys. 10, 391-398 (1939)
2. Lord Rayleigh, Phil. Mag. S.5 43, 125-132 (1897)
3. P. Debye, Ann. D. Physik, 30, 57-136 (1909)
4. Better than Bragg: Optimizing the quality factor of resonators with aperiodic dielectric reflectors Breeze Jonathan; Oxborrow Mark; Alford Neil McN APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Volume: 99 Issue: 11 Number: 113515 2011
5. Room Temperature Maser NATURE, 16 August 2012 Mark Oxborrow, Jonathan Breeze and Neil Alford
6. Enhanced magnetic Purcell effect in room-temperature masers Jonathan Breeze, Ke-Jie Tan, Benjamin Richards, Juna Sathian, Mark Oxborrow and Neil Alford Nature Comms DOI 10.1038/ncomms7215 (2015)
Energy and Environment Discovery Themes Seminar
Ardeshir Contractor, Founder and CEO, Kiran Energy
Factors Influencing Product Innovation in Solar Energy Markets
Tuesday, February 7, 2017
2:00 – 3:30 PM
Mason Hall, 2nd Floor Rotunda, 250 West Woodruff Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210
Reception immediately following program
Registration: Discovery Themes Survey RSVP
Co-sponsored by the Materials and Manufacturing for Sustainability Discovery Theme focus area, Institute for Materials Research and Fisher College of Business
In 2010, Ardeshir Contractor raised $80M from three US private equity investors and a joint venture with First Solar to build Kiran Energy – a solar energy utility at the forefront of India’s solar energy market. In its journey, the company examined and deployed multiple innovative products seeking higher performance with leap-frog cost economics and also set early benchmarks in non-recourse project financing.
This talk will focus on both product innovation in solar energy and innovation in sustainability financing. The size of the solar energy market is significant – nearing an annual investment in solar energy new power plants of $250B. Solar modules, inverters, monitoring systems, and storage comprise most of this number. The addressable market for the introduction of new solar technology or product innovation is very large and allows for immense scalability. The solar market is truly global both in terms of markets and suppliers.
Product innovation in solar energy
The seminar will include a review of effective product introductions, many of which exhibit similar characteristics of product astuteness and a drive to forward-looking performance and commercial targets. Not all successes have been smooth, some of the leaders have had setbacks including unforeseen technical issues. The large amounts of investment required for manufacturing and selling implied a constant requirement to maintain the path and story of strong financial returns. Blending aggressive technology and commercial innovation appears to have worked. It is useful to examine how such dual innovation is embedded in a product offering.
Innovation in sustainability financing
Solar energy components and systems are expected to function for 20-30 years and the overlay of bankability and financing are critical especially for innovative technology. The long-term nature of the finance and returns – coupled with the very scale of the explosive investment needs – has required the development of new financial market products and market sources. Very quickly the sustainable financing story has evolved from government and agency support to mainline financial markets. However, analytical processes and the banking institutions are still retooling for this. In addition, an asset that functions over such a long term would require financial evaluation and analysis methods that align with its characteristics. The approach is to describe these efforts, the evolution of sustainable financing and what it implies to product innovation.
Ardeshir Contractor chairs India’s solar energy task force at the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and partners with the government in developing policy, standards, and technological opportunity for Indian manufacture in solar. He is also an adjunct Research Associate with Edhec Infrastructure Institute, Singapore, investigating long term asset finance principles. In December 2015, he addressed the United Nations at the Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21), and he was deeply involved with the UN Environment Programme’s Enquiry on the design of a global sustainable financial system. Mr. Contractor has served on the boards of Nature India, Government Committees, and Clean Energy Ministerial. He received his Masters in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University, was the recipient of the 2015 College of Engineering’s Distinguished Alumni Award, and is currently an Executive in Residence with the Institute for Materials Research.
Ohio State’s materials research engine and the Discovery Themes program it drives are helping to position Ohio State as a model 21st-century land-grant university focused on interdisciplinary collaboration and innovation. The depth and breadth of our faculty, the ingenuity of our students and the global reach of our partners is at the heart of Discovery at Ohio State.
Transatlantic Cluster Conference on Lightweighting Technologies & Materials
February 15, 2017
140 Pfahl Hall, Blackwell Inn and Conference Center
2110 Tuttle Park Pl, Columbus, OH 43210
The German American Chambers of Commerce will bring their Transatlantic Cluster Roadshow to Columbus, Ohio, focusing on advances in lightweight materials. German and American cluster organizations will discuss best practices and share insights on: technology & materials; research & innovation; and international collaboration opportunities. The half-day conference will include brief presentations and panel discussions by US and German lightweighting experts:
- David Williams, PhD, Dean of the College of Engineering at The Ohio State University
- Ned Hill, PhD, Professor of Public Affairs and City and Regional Planning, Faculty Associate, Ohio Manufacturing Institute, The Ohio State University
- Brian Rice, Head, Multi-Scale Composites & Polymers Division, University of Dayton Research Institute
- Paula Watt, PhD, Director of Outreach, College of Polymer Science and Polymer Engineering
- Alan Luo, PhD, Professor, Materials Science Engineering and Director, Light Metals and Manufacturing Research Laboratory, The Ohio State University
- Wolfgang Schwarz, Project Manager “TraCLight”, Leichtbau-BW
- Dr. Tjark von Reden, Active Director of the Leading-Edge Cluster, MAI Carbon
- Tino Wollmann, Research Associate at the Institute of Lightweight Engineering and Polymer Technology, Technical University Dresden
Attend the event and learn where the lightweighting industry is going in Germany and the US, and how cluster organizations can support your business. Register here.
Following the conference, attendees can participate in tour of the Center for Design and Manufacturing Excellence, the Center for Electron Microscopy and Analysis, Edison Welding Institute, and the Center for Automotive Research.
A FREE annual conference at the Ohio Union in Columbus, Ohio for Python programmers in and around Ohio, the entire Midwest, maybe even the whole world! There will be many Talks and Tutorials! Please be sure to bring your notebook and laptops and prepare to learn!
What a glimpse of last year’s conference? http://pyvideo.org/events/pyohio-2016.html
Presented by the Construction Systems Management Industry Advisory Council
Women Inspire Construction presented by The Ohio State University Construction Systems Management Industry Advisory Council is an event to gather the construction industry to focus on retention and community. Come to be empowered and join a conversation that leaves you inspired. The construction industry fosters long lasting relationships that lead to professional success. Both men and women are welcome to JOIN THE CONVERSATION!
Meet the panelists:
Nissa Beasley currently works as a Project Manager at TriVersity Construction with 24 years of experience in the construction industry. Nissa specializes in major renovation projects, lab construction and multi-story buildings and schools. She is also TriVersity’s subject matter expert with Phoenix Scheduling Program software and helps train project engineers on the program. Before joining TriVersity, Nissa worked for other high profile construction companies in the region.
Nissa received her B.S. in construction management from the University of Cincinnati. She serves as secretary on the board of NAWIC (National Association of Women in Construction) as well as a participating in its membership committee. Nissa was named NAWIC’s Cincinnati Chapter New Leader in 2017. Through NAWIC, she also volunteers for community events for children including Block Kids and the YWCA’s Rosie’s Girls
Heather Cassady currently work as a Project Manager on the $32M Canopy by Hilton hotel project located in Columbus, Ohio. She has been in the construction industry and with Turner Construction for 16 years. Throughout her years at Turner, Heather’s career has evolved in various management roles, including superintendent, sustainability manager, recruiting leader, and estimating engineer. Heather’s projects in Central Ohio have been in the healthcare, hotel, civic, and educational sectors.
Heather received her B.S. in Construction Engineering from the University of Akron. She is a LEED AP and serves as a community leader by dedicating her time and talent to support the National Association for Women in Construction (NAWIC), Women for Economic Leadership and Development (WELD) and the OSU CSM Industry Advisory Council.
Audra Smith currently works as a Project Executive for Pepper Construction and has extensive experience in construction management on large scale projects throughout central and northeastern Ohio. She has worked in the healthcare, higher education, mixed-use, and corporate office markets and has been involved in $578M worth of construction during her 15 year career. Her expertise is in client relationships and developing the appropriate processes, communication, and expectations to allow her project teams to be successful and meet the needs of the clients and owners. Prior to joining Pepper, she worked for Whiting-Turner Contracting and was responsible for all project interface, shutdown, and management of impactful construction to clients.
Audra earned a B.S. in Industrial Engineering from Pennsylvania State University and holds LEED AP BD+C credentials. She resides in Galena, Ohio with her sons Max and Vin. They share a passion for sports and her sons’ involvement in the Olentangy Local School District athletic programs afford her the opportunity to mentor, coach, and support their programs through fundraising and classroom academic activities.
Wayne D. Kaplan is a full professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, where he holds the Karl Stoll Chair in Advanced Materials. Kaplan currently serves as the Executive Vice President for Research at the Technion. He completed his BSc in Mechanical Engineering, and his MSc and DSc in Materials at the Technion after immigrating to Israel from the U.S. He then spent a year as a Humboldt Fellow at the Max-Planck Institute in Stuttgart Germany before joining the Technion faculty in 1995.
During the past 20 years Kaplan’s research activities at the Technion have focused on the structure, chemistry and energy of interfaces between metals and ceramics, with a focus on the correlation between thermodynamics (continuum) approaches and the atomistic structure and chemistry of interfaces. In addition to his fundamental research in materials science, Kaplan works on the development of electron microscopy techniques for characterization at the sub-nanometer length-scale.
Kaplan is the author of more than 130 reviewed and archived scientific articles, as well as two textbooks: Joining Processes and Microstructural Characterization of Materials. In 2006 he received the Henry Taub Prize for Academic Excellence. He is a fellow of the American Ceramic Society, a member of the Israel Microscopy Society, and was an editor of the Journal of Materials Science (Springer).
Controlling grain size is a fundamental part of Materials Science and Engineering. While the driving force for grain growth is thought to be understood, the mechanism by which grain boundaries migrate, and how microscopic parameters affect grain boundary mobility, are less understood. This presentation focuses on the mobility of grain boundaries and how dopants and external fields influence the kinetics of grain growth.
The first part of the talk will address the concept of solute-drag, where conventional wisdom indicates that moving a solute cloud with a grain boundary should either slow down grain boundary motion (e.g. Mg in Al2O3), or not affect it. Model experiments at dopant levels below the experimentally determined solubility limit clearly show that some adsorbates reduce grain boundary mobility (the accepted solute-drag effect) whereas other increase grain boundary mobility (solute-acceleration). Reasons for the varying behavior are discussed within the framework of grain boundary disconnections as the mechanism by which grain boundaries move, and current approaches to understanding Gibbsian adsorption.
The second part of the talk reviews model experiments designed to probe the influence of external fields on grain boundary mobility. As a model system, polycrystalline SiC underwent conventional annealing, and annealing using spark plasma sintering (SPS) without pressure, and the grain size as a function of annealing time was characterized. From these experiments, the grain boundary mobility of SiC at 2100°C under conventional versus SPS annealing was determined. SPS annealing resulted in a grain boundary mobility which is three orders of magnitude larger than that resulting from conventional annealing. This indicates that the same (or similar) mechanism which promotes rapid sintering during SPS also significantly increases the rate of grain growth. This mechanism will be discussed in light of the “solute-acceleration” effect presented in the first part of the talk.