COSI Academy Students Experience Science in Action at Nanotech West

Featured

IMR staff recently hosted a group of high school students from COSI Academy, an exploration program for high school students interested in STEM and STEM related careers.  Run through the Center for Science and Industry (COSI), Columbus’ science museum, the COSI Academy connects students with professionals in the areas of engineering, biotechnology and health and medicine through site visits to local science-based corporations, organizations, and universities, guest speakers, and hands-on activities.

COSI Academy students watch an instrumentation demonstration at Nanotech West Lab – courtesy of the Center for Science and Industry (COSI)

 

Twelve students toured the Nanotech West Lab facility on April 8, including its cleanroom and Materials Innovation Lab, and learned about different career paths in STEM fields. Nanotech West Lab is Ohio State’s nanofabrication research facility and the largest and most comprenhesive micro- and nanotechnology user facility in the state of Ohio. The lab is home to more than 50 large pieces of user accessible material synthesis, fabrication and metrology equipment and research capabilities include e-beam lithography, nanolithography, device fabrication, MOCVD epitaxy, device processing, and clean room processing.

 

IMR Member of Technical Staff Aimee Price discusses nanotechnology with COSI Academy students in the Materials Innovation Lab – courtesy of the Center for Science and Industry (COSI)

COSI Academy students gowned up to tour the Nanotech West cleanroom – courtesy of the Center for Science and Industry (COSI)

 

This outreach event was well received by the COSI Academy students and their chaperones, and our staff enjoyed the opportunity to share their work with the next generation of scientists. Students particularly enjoyed the monochromator demonstration by Nanotech West engineer Dave Hollingshead, and seeing the plotter in action on the feature wall of the Materials Innovation Lab.

 

Senior Technology Integrator Kari Roth explains the Materials Innovation model being developed through IMR’s Materials and Manufacturing for Sustainability program – courtesy of the Center for Science and Industry (COSI)

All photos courtesy of the Center for Science and Industry (COSI)

M&MS Hosts New Faculty Welcome Event

IMR recently hosted a welcome event for the nine new faculty members who have joined The Ohio State University through our Materials and Manufacturing for Sustainability  (M&MS) program. The event was informative as well as social – an opportunity for the faculty hires to meet and learn more about their research endeavors.

New faculty hired through the Materials and Manufacturing for Sustainability (M&MS) program attended an informal gathering in the Materials Innovation Lab

With five of the new hires starting in January 2017, this informal gathering, held at our Materials Innovation Lab on Kinnear Road, was the first official event where all of the faculty hires were able to meet one another and discuss their backgrounds and research interests.  Steve Ringel, IMR Executive Director and M&MS Faculty Director, offered a brief presentation with an overview of the M&MS initiative, its goals and activities to date, and IMR’s programs and opportunities.

Steve Ringel, IMR Executive Director and M&MS Faculty Director, provides an overview of IMR and M&MS

Presentation slide showing the building of the M&MS faculty cohort with its first nine hires

Each M&MS faculty member then shared a short, one slide presentation introducing their work, followed by additional time to network and discuss opportunities for collaboration.

Professor Jeanie (Chun Ning) Lau, Physics, discusses her research activities

The nine M&MS faculty hires who joined The Ohio State University during the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 academic years are:

 

  • Marc Bockrath, Professor, Physics
  • Carolin Fink, Assistant Professor, Materials Science and Engineering
  • Ned Hill, Professor, Public Affairs, City and Regional Planning
  • John Horack, Neil Armstrong Chair in Aerospace Policy and Professor, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Glenn College of Public Policy
  • Joerg Jinschek, Associate Professor, Materials Science and Engineering
  • Jung-Hyun Kim, Assistant Professor, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering
  • Sanjay Krishna, George R. Smith Chair in Engineering and Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Chun Ning (Jeanie) Lau, Professor, Physics
  • Farhang Pourboghrat, Professor, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Integrated Systems Engineering

 

With twelve additional faculty searches currently active, we continue to build the Materials and Manufacturing for Sustainability cohort of people, research and innovation within our Discovery Themes program.

 

Steve Ringel, Dr. Jay Sayre (Assistant Vice President of M&MS), and M&MS Professor Farhang Pourboghrat

Professor Sanjay Krishna and Jay Sayre

New M&MS Professors Carolin Fink and Joerg Jinschek

 

 

M&MS Leaders Participate in Germany-US Industry 4.0 Workshop

The Ohio Manufacturing Institute, University of Cincinnati and Ohio partners recently hosted a workshop featuring a delegation of industry, university and economic development representatives from the Baden-Württemberg state of Germany. The March 27th international workshop featured discussion on how Ohio and Germany are participating in the fourth industrial revolution, or “Industry 4.0,” the current trend of manufacturing technologies maximizing efficiency through automation and data exchange.

The workshop included keynote addresses by representatives from GE Aviation and Baden-Württemberg addressing the question of automation and how the workspace will evolve in the future.  Panel discussions on “Smart Factories – Towards the Factory of the Future,” and “Work 4.0 – How Next Generation Industries Will Change the Working Reality of the Future” included three experts IMR’s Materials and Manufacturing for Sustainability (M&MS) program – moderator Glenn Daehn, Fontana Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and M&MS Deputy Faculty Director, and panelists Jay Sayre, Assistant Vice President for M&MS and IMR Director of Innovation and Ned Hill, Professor of Public Administration and City and Regional Planning, who was hired in 2015 through the M&MS program.  The workshop concluded with an evening reception attended by state government and university dignitaries.

 

Presentations from the Industry 4.0 workshop are available on OMI’s website: https://omi.osu.edu/Industry4.0

Using Food Waste as a Sustainable Rubber Filler

Katrina Cornish, Ohio Research Scholar and Professor of Horticulture and Crop Sciences and Food, Agriculture and Biological Engineering, Cornish’s lab at Ohio State’s Wooster campus designs natural rubber alternatives using crops of guayule and Buckeye Gold dandelion, combined with eggshells and tomato peels.

Cornish Barrera

Professor Katrina Cornish with Postdoctoral Researcher Cindy Barrera in the group’s research facility

Through the Program of Excellence in Natural Rubber Alternatives (PENRA) research facility, Cornish’s research group found that partially replacing carbon black with ground eggshells or tomato peels in rubber enhanced its overall strength, elasticity and softness. Both materials offer practical advantages in tire manufacture. Tomato skins offer high-temperature stability, while the porousness of eggshells enable it to bond well with rubber. Additional testing led the researchers to widen their applications of these alternatives beyond tires to other rubber products such as gaskets, hoses and rubber gloves.

Researchers from The Ohio State University have developed a patent-pending, greener—or, more accurately, reddish-brown—alternative to the carbon black filler used in tires.

Natural rubber is a vital resource for any developed country and is used in over 40,000 commercial products. By 2020 the USA may suffer a supply shortfall of 1.5 million metric tons of imported natural rubber. While the use of synthetic rubber has surpassed natural rubber in quantity, there are particular properties and high-performance applications that make natural rubber irreplaceable by synthetic rubber.

As carbon black supply dwindles, eggshells and tomato skins abound. America alone consumes almost 100 billion eggs and 13 million tons of tomatoes annually, with their shells and skins going to landfills. Cornish expects the food factories that dispose of these items to become the go-to source for new filler material.

Cornish explains that the technology has the potential to address three problems: allow more sustainable tire manufacturing process, reduce the tire industry’s dependence on foreign oil, and keep waste out of landfills.


Cornish’s research has been covered by several national media this month, which served as sources for this article:

Wall Street Journal: https://www.wsj.com/articles/making-tire-filler-from-eggshells-1489093113

US News & World Report: https://www.usnews.com/news/national-news/articles/2017-03-09/incorporating-food-waste-into-tires-may-sustain-industry-long-term

How Stuff Works: http://now.howstuffworks.com/2017/03/10/food-waste-wheels-researchers-turn-tomatoes-tires

Yahoo! News: https://sg.news.yahoo.com/tires-made-eggshells-tomato-skins-081804297.html

Krishna Wins ONR Grant to Develop Next-Gen IR Detector Technologies

ECE team wins $3 million ONR grant to make infrared detector technologies at Ohio State tops

The research team consists of (l-r) Teressa Specht, SeungHyun Lee, Vinita Dahiya, Gustavo Vieira and Krishna. Alireza Kazemi (not pictured).

 

Landing planes in zero visibility. Detecting pollution at the nanoscale.

A potential $3 million in new grant funding could help make The Ohio State University a worldwide leader in next-generation infrared detector technologies.

Electrical and computer engineering (ECE) professor Sanjay Krishna had only been at Ohio State a month, hired as part of the university’s Materials and Manufacturing for Sustainability (M&MS) Discovery Themes initiative, before landing the grant from the Office of Naval Research (ONR).

“This means great things for Ohio State’s Materials and Manufacturing for Sustainability Discovery Theme initiative,” Ohio State professor Steve Ringel said, who leads the M&MS program to create pre-eminence in materials and technologies for sustainability, focusing on innovation and industry deployment.

“Sanjay is the epitome of what M&MS is all about,” Ringel said. “Not only is he a world leader in critical areas of science and technology that impact energy and the environment who, through awards such as this, is already enhancing our prominence academically, but he is also dedicated to the translation of those successes into the private sector through his innovative activities as an entrepreneur.”

The new grant funding comes on behalf of the High Energy Laser Joint Technology Office (HEL-JTO) Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI) Program, under the Secretary of Defense for Science and Technology, (DUSDS&T).

It is an alphabet soup of acronyms, for sure, but Krishna said the intention of the grant award is simple – to explore new realms of infrared camera technologies and set the stage for more advancements decades down the line.

Krishna is a world-leading researcher and innovator in the field of narrow bandgap semiconductors applied to infrared imaging sensors and related technologies.

“I want to make Ohio State the number one research group in this particular area,” Krishna said.

His winning research proposal, “Low Excess-noise Avalanche Photodetectors with Superlattices (LEAPS),” outlines research and development toward high performance short wavelength infrared detectors based on III-V semiconductors designed for manufacturing.

“Infrared detectors are important because they can be used for chemical sensing,” Krishna said. “If you want to find out what is coming out of a factory, or what pollution is coming out of a car. Usually these hydrocarbons have characteristics of nature in the infrared. So, if you send a laser beam and watch it come back, you can see that it’s nitrogen oxide or carbon dioxide, or even methane.”

He said infrared detectors can enhance the ability to see through objects.

“If you are landing a plane in wet and foggy conditions, you can see. If a firefighter or first responder is entering a building, you can see in the infrared beyond what you can see in the visible,” Krishna said.

Infrared technology can also study how heat dissipates from the human body.

“We are currently emitting photons,” he said. “You can use this for not only human detection, but also temperature profiles of human beings. This can be applied for a variety of medical applications, including the early detection of skin cancer.”

Krishna said the list goes on to include medical imaging, corrosion detection and food safety applications.

The final task of their grant award is to train new students to take up the proverbial infrared research baton for generations to come, Krishna said.

The professor said he would like to position Ohio State as one of the only two universities in the United States with the ability to undertake “design to camera” research and development in the infrared field.

Collaborators on the project include the University of Virginia, the MIT Lincoln lab, the University of Illinois, Chicago and industry representative L-3 Cincinnati Electronics.


 

This story originally appeared on Electrical and Computer Engineering’s website: https://ece.osu.edu/news/2017/02/ece-team-wins-3-million-onr-grant-make-infrared-detector-technologies-ohio-state-tops